Watteau wrote this magnificent composition as an entrance test for admission to the Royal Academy. Each art historian in his own way interpreted the allegory of this trip to the island of Love.
The work was placed in the collections of the Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture, this work was included in 1793 in the Central Museum of Art of the Republic, the future Louvre.
In ancient times, the island of Kiefer, located on the archipelago of the Greek islands, was considered one of the likely birthplaces of Aphrodite, the goddess of love: the island became a sacred place dedicated to Aphrodite and Love. Perhaps inspired by some 17th-century operas, this picture shows the couple's love route to the island of Love. The painting depicts couples scattered across the hill of the island and trying to return to the boat, which will return them home. The young woman turns around and looks with regret at the place of her happiness. Basically, the characters go aboard a beautiful boat that is filled with love.
The painting has a very romantic design, subtle movements of groups of characters, vibrating touches of beautiful colors. But one of the most innovative elements of this picture, without a doubt, is the foggy and mysterious landscape in the background, marked by the influence of the landscapes of Rubens and the landscapes of Leonardo da Vinci.
First we see a group of people led by a young woman and her lover. The heart pierced by the arrow is embroidered on the man’s clothes, graceful insignia of the journey that he would like to take. The woman confronts him with indifference, which can be feigned. The pilgrim's staff still lies on the ground, to the left of the group.
There is another couple where a man gives his lover a hand to help him up. Another man takes his woman by the waist to support her. Now lovers go down to the beach, and, laughing, go to the boat. At the same time, women cling tightly to their men.
Finally, the pilgrims bring their friends to the gondola, which sweeps its golden chimera, garlands of flowers and red silk scarves over the water. Based on the oars, boaters are ready to use them. And, already carrying a breeze, fluttering Little Cupids lead travelers to the azure island that appears on the horizon.
The picture is saturated with love and tenderness, an atmosphere of universal happiness. An unremarkable island, depicted by the artist, seems like a paradise surrounded by couples in love. They create the atmosphere of the picture. Although an important element is the azure sky, smoothly flowing into the sea, and relief hills.
Gioconda Painting by Leonardo Da Vinci