Description of the painting by Aleksey Antropov Portrait of the State Lady of Countess Maria Andreevna Rumyantseva

Description of the painting by Aleksey Antropov Portrait of the State Lady of Countess Maria Andreevna Rumyantseva

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The portrait of M. Rumyantseva belongs to the so-called “gallery of old women” belonging to the pen of Alexei Antropov. The work is done on canvas, oil. Date of writing - 1764.

The artist captured Maria Andreevna in a light cape trimmed with lace. The ajar floor of the satin robe shows the distinguishing sign of a lady of state with a portrait of Empress Elizabeth, made in the form of a cameo in the middle of a diamond scattering. The exaggerated size of the status jewel emphasized the high position of its owner in society.

The hairstyle is hidden under a small neat cap.

An elderly lady of clearly noble birth is looking attentively and calmly at the viewer from the semi-dark canvas. On the lips is a light smile of a person who has seen a lot in his long life. Indeed, Maria Andreyevna Rumyantseva lived a long, very interesting life at the court of almost a dozen rulers of Russia.

A brilliantly educated, young graceful beauty in his youth was noticed by Peter I and for many years became his close friend. Later - sincere friendship with Elizabeth Petrovna, sincere respect for Catherine the Great, great authority at the Russian imperial court.

The artistic techniques used in painting the canvas are characteristic of the classical school of Russian portraiture. At the same time, there are two “corporate” features, according to which experts establish the authorship of Alexei Antropov. This is, firstly, the use of a metallic sheen of a silver shade, clearly visible in the eyes of a woman in a portrait.

The second feature is a specific writing technique. The artist first uses dark shades, and at the final stage - light color. Both techniques were used to create the image of Maria Andreyevna Rumyantseva, whose portrait has been admired by connoisseurs of Russian painting for several centuries. The parsunic style of writing is characteristic of this work of art, in which the dark background is executed with wide brush strokes, and the light parts of the picture are small, completely invisible to the eye.

The noble lady in the picture is depicted in a static state, her face is extremely close - so much so that a dense layer of blush and white is visible, imposed in accordance with fashionable court trends of the 18th century.

Currently, the canvas is in storage at the State Russian Museum, where Dmitry Tolstoy transferred it at the beginning of the 20th century.

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