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The sculpture of Voltaire, made by Jean-Antoine Houdon, is considered the best work, exactly, conveying the image of the great philosopher. Shortly before his death, Voltaire agreed to pose for the sculptor. At that time he was eighty-four years old. Marble sculpture is famous not only for the amazing skill of the author, skillfully conveying the complex textures of clothes and leather, but also for his ability to emphasize a sharp mind, as well as the energetic nature of the philosopher.
Hudon finished work on the sculpture of the thinker in 1781. The order for it was made by Empress Catherine II, and after 2 years the statue was transported to Russia.
The author decided to create the most profound philosophical image, suggesting that thinkers have existed since ancient times, so Voltaire is depicted in the clothing of the ancient style. Under the deep folds of clothes lies the thinness of an elderly person, however, his figure seems majestic and slender.
The manner in which Hudon performed the appearance of soft shiny fabric involuntarily arouses admiration of the viewer. Old age does not spare even great people, so Walter's haggard face and thin neck paved with deep lines of wrinkles. His dry hands hold the carved armrests of the chair on which the philosopher sits.
From a distance, the viewer gives the impression that the thinker looks tired, and he is completely immersed in his thoughts. But upon closer examination, one can read expressiveness and mockery of physical old age in one's gaze. Until the last day of his life, Voltaire retained a clear look and a sober mind of a young man.
The main characteristic that unites all the works of the sculptor Hudon was the creation of a complete representation of the psychological portrait of the person who poses for him. To give his creation more naturalness, the author did not try to smooth out the traces of the incisor, which he worked with.
Savrasov Early Spring