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Roerich is not only an artist, but also the ideological inspirer of the Roerich Pact, a document that prescribes the inviolability of historical and cultural monuments of the whole world in any situation, including war. The sign of the pact is the so-called “Banner of Peace”, which consists of three red circles enclosed in one large circle. There are different interpretations of this symbol. According to the first - it represents the past, present and future, enclosed in eternity.
According to the second - this is religion, knowledge and art, enclosed in the ring of culture. Christians see in the banner an allusion to the trinity, according to which God is the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, who, despite the triple, are one God. Roerich himself claimed that his chosen sign is found in many cultures, and everywhere its meaning is close to holiness. It does not happen just like that - it is a sign of truth, universal knowledge and grace. Marking them cultural values that are protected by the Covenant is reasonable and correct.
The “banner of the world," as a picture, is actually a banner against the background of the dark blue gloomy city of truth. Shambhala, the land where truth triumphs, many times sung by Roerich, is not forgotten by him here either. There he shows that wherever the Banner flies, great and truth and the highest sense reign, and to come to bow to the values marked by the Banner is the same as touching Shambhala, albeit indirectly, with the edge of unworthy consciousness.
However, as is often the case with Roerich, the picture has a second plan. According to him, the blue city is not Shambhala, but a symbol of the whole world abiding in ignorance and darkness. The banner raised above it should become a guiding star that will lead those who seek the Truth - hence the cold, dull colors under the banner, and its almost tangible radiance, which is ready to change the world if there are enough people who will accept it as their sign.
Trumpeters First Horse Painting